PAUL CÉZANNE: The Hanged Man's House in Auvers-sur-Oise - 1873

PAUL CÉZANNE: The Hanged Man's House in Auvers-sur-Oise - 1873 - Oil on canvas, 55 x 66 cm - Paris, Musée d'Orsay

PAUL CÉZANNE: Mount Sainte-Victoire view from Lauves, 1904-06

PAUL CÉZANNE: Mount Sainte-Victoire view from Lauves, 1904-06 - oil on canvas, 60- 72 cm. - Basel, Kunstmuseum

PAUL CÉZANNE: Still life with fruit basket (the kitchen table

PAUL CÉZANNE: Still life with fruit basket (the kitchen table), 1880-1890 - Paris, Musée d'Orsay

PAUL CÉZANNE: Large Bathers, 1906

PAUL CÉZANNE: Large Bathers, 1906 - oil on canvas, 208 - 251 cm. - Philadelphia Museum of Art

Paul Cézanne - Biography



by G. Fernández - theartwolf.com
"Cezanne is the father of us all." This lapidary phrase has been attributed to both Picasso and Matisse, and certainly it doesn't matter who actually said it, because in either case is true. While he exhibited with the Impressionist painters, Cézanne left behind the whole group to develop a style of painting never seen so far, which opened the door for the arrival of Cubism and the rest of the vanguards of the twentieth century

Paul Cézanne was born on 19 January 1839 in Aix-en-Provence, in Provence in the south of France. At age 13, Cézanne entered the Collège Bourbon, where he met and became friends with Émile Zola. Encouraged by Zola, he decided to be an artist and moved to Paris in 1861

Already in Paris, Cézanne met Camille Pissarro, known as "the father of Impressionism". Cézanne's works were shown in the first exhibition of the Salon des Refusés in 1863, which displayed works not accepted by the jury of the official Paris Salon. Cézanne was influenced by Impressionist painters, but he was already developing a personal style

In 1870, Cézanne and his mistress, Marie-Hortense Fiquet, left Paris and established themselves in L'Estaque, a small town near Marseilles. Two years later, they moved to Auvers in Val-d'Oise near Paris. He often painted with Pissarro, referring to him as "God the Father"

In 1880, Cézanne stabilized their residence in Provence. In 1886, he finally married Marie-Hortense Fiquet. That year, Cézanne's father died, so the artist and his family moved to the former manor, Jas de Bouffan, in 1888

Cézanne conserved his residence till the end of his life, but he often traveled to Paris. In 1895 Parisian dealer, Ambroise Vollard, gave the artist his first solo exhibition. On 22 October 1906, Cézanne died of pneumonia and was buried at the old cemetery of Aix-en-Provence

Legacy
Cézanne was obsessed with the simplification of the forms of the nature, which makes him a huge influence for the cubist painters. This is evident in works such as the views of the Mount Sainte-Victoire in the outskirts of Aix-en-Provence: the triangular mountain and the prairie elements -geographic or edificatory- acquire volume thanks not to the perspective, but to the superposition of chromatic planes. Also, Cézanne is arguably the greatest master the Still Life Painting of any era

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