'Along the River During the Qingming Festival': full scroll and two details.
ink on paper,24.8 cm × 528.7 cm - Palace Museum, Beijing
During the Song Dynasty (960-1279), Chinese painting achieved an exceptional development. The popularization of the hanging rolls allowed new advances in the representation of the landscape, and the shan shui (Chinese landscape painting) flourishes in the works of artists like Fan Kuan, Guo Xi or Li Cheng. In addition, the new Emperors became interested in the artistic expression, especially the Emperor Huizong of Song, painter, musician and poet, who turn his court into a paradise for artists.
All this reaches its zenith in "Along the River During the Qingming Festival" by Zhang Zeduan (1085 - 1145), often considered the greatest masterpiece of Chinese painting, a work that has been described as "China’s Mona Lisa".
It is an impressive work, both in scale (over 5 meters long) and quality. All 814 human figures –teachers, officials, peasants, carpenters…- are painted with the same care and attention to detail. The representation of architecture is meticulous and refined. And the landscape painted on the farthest right of the scroll ranks among the finest from the Song Dynasty.
As many other masterpieces of painting, the value of "Along the River During the Qingming Festival" goes beyond the merely artistic aspect, being an essential document for the understanding of the life and culture during the Song Dynasty.
Text: G. Fernández, www.theartwolf.com